It might surprise you to learn that I’ve been doing daily Tarot for six years! Unlike my other card collections, which encourage strategic and analytical thought, Tarot pushes you to listen to your intuition and consider life through a different lens. It even stimulates good conversation!
To start, a Tarot deck is 78 cards. First, the four ‘minor arcana’ suits: wands, cups, swords, and pentacles, each including Ace, Two through Ten, and the full court: Knave, Knight, Queen and King. Modern playing cards came from this core set of suits, with the Knave and Knight combined into Jack.
The remaining 22 cards are the ‘major arcana’: a set of human archetypes usually described as the “Fool’s Journey.” It starts with innocence and perhaps folly in The Fool (precursor to The Joker in modern playing cards), progressing through the ups and downs of adventure and personal growth all the way to sweeping fulfillment in The World.
Here is where Tarot really departs from playing cards: each deck is filled with often beautiful, sometimes shocking, but always thought-provoking art. Each deck has its own themes, but most include a variety of elements per card to provide handholds for intuition. Each element of the art can take your mind in a different direction, and close inspection can often yield details which escaped your initial look.
Depending on who you talk to, Tarot is about prediction, explanation, inspiration, connection, or perhaps just observation.
Let’s go a level deeper:
Since February 2016 when I bought my first deck, I’ve done a one-card reading most days. I shuffle my deck, then draw a card, then consider it.
Sometimes the card I draw has felt explanatory, like it very clearly describes the state of mind I’ve been in lately, or things that have happened. Other times it has felt quite predictive, like the day I drew The Tower, then later that day my partner missed a flight back to Seattle.
But most of the time my daily reading assists in observation, giving me a human archetype as a lens I can apply in any situation. Cards like The Lovers or The Hierophant can make you take a second look at your context, your beliefs - perhaps you’re not living up to your ideals? Cards like Nine of Wands and Ten of Wands can get you thinking about your energy levels - perhaps you’re pushing too hard?
Many cards are self-explanatory, with enough cues in the art to provide an initial layer of understanding. But there are some key symbols and archetypes you’ll need to know, or some cards will seem meaningless. Your intuition probably isn’t enough to decipher a hand reaching through the clouds holding a tree branch or sword.
The four suits each have themes underlying all of their cards:
The five face cards each have themes:
Just with these, you can start to imagine what the Knight of Wands might be like, or the Queen of Swords.
Simple rules no longer apply for the rest of the cards. Two through Ten are quite different per suit, and each of the 22 ‘major arcana’ have their own distinct meaning. The good news is that for these cards, the art and name alone are often enough to get quite a lot of the meaning.
We’ve covered the suits and the court cards, and we have our intuition for the rest. You really can get a lot out of Tarot just by looking at the art on the card and seeing what pops out at you in the moment. The general feel of the piece, the overall colors used. The expressions on faces. The overall situation being depicted vs. the small details in the art.
But as with all art, it helps to get additional perspectives. I found Joan Bunning’s Learning the Tarot to be invaluable in providing additional depth beyond my intuitions. It’s got a set of lessons covering things like the history of Tarot, deeper meanings for the suits, and how to do basic readings. It’s really great for beginners.
But even after all my time with Tarot, I still find the section detailing each card to be valuable. In addition to a few paragraphs of prose and some opposing/reinforcing cards, she provides three to five keywords covering the primary directions you might take the interpretation of a given card. And for each of those keywords, a set of phrases to help give life to the keyword. It’s a great mnemonic device given so many different cards in a Tarot deck!
For example, for Three of Pentacles these are the three keywords:
Especially when doing larger readings, I still refer back to the card references in this book.
A daily reading is really useful for getting a feel for the cards. But Tarot really shines when you start to look at multiple cards at once.
To do this, we enter the world of spreads. There are many, most specifying multiple cards and their conceptual and physical relation to each other. But there are a few basic spreads most people start with. A simple one I like to use has four slots:
Just this arrangement of four gives us a number of contrasts we can consider: past vs. future, present vs. outcome, etc. Given the various interpretations within the art of each card, and the framing in this spread, you can start to see how we’re letting our mind churn over a lot of potential ideas.
I find that doing a reading like this usually results in some great conversation. So much to discuss!
This is especially true when you provide a prompt to give context to the reading. Your prompt can focus a reading on anything: a difficult problem you’ve been having, a specific time period, or a person in your life. Now when you think through all the ideas and contrasts presented by the reading, they have a focal point.
Now we’re really cooking!
The classic spread is the Celtic Cross:
These ten slots have even more contrasts: unconscious vs. conscious, present environment vs. what is helping or hindering, and so on. It’s a rich tapestry to consider with a friend or loved one. You’ll understand yourself better, as well as the others trying to interpret it with you!
Just search for ‘Tarot spreads’ and you’ll find a world of creative and interesting spreads, setting up new relationships between the cards, new layers of meaning. You can go as deep as you want.
I made a mistake when starting out. I bought the wrong deck.
There are three main traditions within Tarot: Tarot de Marseille (more like playing cards), Rider-Waite, and Thoth (quite abstract and mystical). Beyond that, there are a lot of highly artistic decks that only loosely follow these traditions.
For a beginner, I would recommend Rider-Waite or something very similar. Though other decks may have great art, this traditional choice is your best option. Just about all beginner content uses Rider-Waite as a reference - you can see examples of the classic art in the book cover above.
I didn’t go with Rider-Waite, however:
Of course, you should find a deck that works for you! Just remember to do your research - sometimes the art in the select previews provided don’t match the rest of the deck.
Lastly, know that good sleeves for Tarot cards are hard to come by. As a SWCCG and Magic player, I’m used to high quality sleeves that fit perfectly - but that does not exist in the world of Tarot! Strange that the company making 66x120mm Tarot cards sells 70x120mm sleeves. I don’t want 4mm of unused plastic sleeve!
You know me, of course I wrote some code to help me with this hobby! I open-sourced my thoughts-system repository years ago now, but I only just added my
find_tarot script to it. I wrote the script back in 2016 as I started my daily practice, but I didn’t want to open-source it without a good introduction. Finally, with this introduction comes my little script.
> find 2022/02_February | grep log\.txt$ | xargs ./find_tarot –single
** By Frequency
3 Ace of Pentacles
2 The Fool (rank: 0)
2 Temperance (rank: 14)
2 The World (rank: 21)
1 The High Priestess (rank: 2)
1 Justice (rank: 8)
** By Name
2 The Fool (rank: 0)
1 The High Priestess (rank: 2)
1 Justice (rank: 8)
1 The Hermit (rank: 9)
1 The Wheel (rank: 10)
1 Death (rank: 13)
** By Suit
13 Major Arcana (10 unique)
2 Wands (2 unique)
5 Chalices (5 unique)
4 Swords (4 unique)
6 Pentacles (4 unique)
I hope it helps you to get a bird’s-eye view of your regular Tarot practice. I know for me it’s a fun and instructive script to run at the end of the month!
Tarot has been a fun and mind-expanding hobby over the past six years. I definitely plan to continue my single-card daily readings and periodic larger readings. And who knows, perhaps I’ll expand into another new deck at some point!
Maybe Tarot could be a fun new lens on the world for you as well? Grab a beginner book and deck, and see how it feels!
If that’s too much, try getting a reading from a professional. It’s quite an experience!